FRAMING AND COMPOSITION OF CAMERA SHOTS

FRAMING AND COMPOSITION OF CAMERA SHOTS

Cubic Houses Rotterdam

We are going to do this project in groups of 5 people.

TASK I: GOOGLE DOCS
You are going to study most important concepts of photo framing: composition, angles and shots.
First thing you have to do is searching information to answer these questions:

  1. What’s the meaning of composing an image?
  2. Which aspects do we have to take into account when we compose an image?
  3. What do we mean by laws of composition? The rule of the horizon line, the rule of thirds and the rule of the gaze.
  4. What are compositional schemes?
  5. What do we mean when we talk about ‘shots’ in photography?
  6. How do we call the most typical shots?
  7. What do we want to express by using the different shots?
  8. What do we mean when we talk about ‘angles’ in photography, cinema or comic?
  9. How many types of different angles are there?
  10. What do we want to express by using the different angles?

All the answers must be shared through Google drive docs.

TASK II: SLIDES PRESENTATION

Once you have answered the previous questions, you have to look for images which will be used as examples of:
1. Different compositional schemes: at least six images that clearly represent one of the following: horizontal, vertical, oblique, circular, symmetrical and triangular composition.

2. Shot examples: at least eight images that clearly represent one of the following: Extreme wide shot, Very wide shot, wide shot, American shot, medium shot, medium close up, close up, extreme close up and cutaway/cut-in shot.

3. Angle examples:at least six images that clearly represent one of the following: neutral shot, high-angle shot, low-angle shot, worm’s-eye shot, bird’s-eye shot and Dutch angle.

You have to create a slide presentation and share it through Google drive.

TASK III: YOUR OWN SHOTS!

Now you have to take your own photographs to show what you have learnt:
1. Using the same motive sampling the different compositional schemes. 6 photographs.
2. The different shot types. 8 photographs.
3. The angles. 6 photographs.
You have to do at least 20 photographs, that you must share in a goolgle drive folder. Each of them must be named with the compositional scheme, shot or angle name that it represents and the number of your group and letter of your class.

Ex: group05-C-dutch-angle.jpg

This project is based in the webquest created by Juan Mercado.

EXERCISE 01: SET OF PHOTOS

UNIT 07: VISUAL LANGUAGE. INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY

TASK 01: BASIC ELEMENTS FOR AN IMAGE

EXERCISE 01: SET OF PHOTOS

You will develop a set of photos (it is very important that you shoot the photographs) regarding the following script:

  1. A photograph with lines converging to a focus point.
  2. A photograph with predominantly vertical lines.
  3. A photograph with predominantly horizontal lines.
  4. A photograph with predominantly diagonal lines.
  5. A photograph with predominantly curved lines.
  6. A photograph where the main range of colours is warm (reds, browns, oranges)
  7. A photograph where the main range of colours is cold (blues, greens, violets)
  8. A backlighting photograph or with a high light contrast.
  9. A photograph with predominantly bright colours.

Adding all the photos above and in the same order of the script, you’re going to make a dossier powerpoint presentation, then you have to send it to celia.cueto@sanfer.es or eva.merideno@sanfer.es depending on your class group.

BASIC ELEMENTS OF IMAGES: COLOUR

UNIT 07: VISUAL LANGUAGE. INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY

TASK 01: BASIC ELEMENTS FOR AN IMAGE

3. BASIC ELEMENTS OF IMAGES

3.6. COLOUR

The objects aren’t of one colour or another, the colour is a quality of light. The light contains all the colours we see in the rainbow (visible light) and others that our vision is not able to see (invisible light). The colour of the objects is how white light strikes on them.
The colour in the photo has also a high aesthetic charge, a very important role in the semantic level of photography, that is, in the message. Different colours convey different feelings.
Bright colours can add vibrancy, energy and interest – however in the wrong position they can also distract viewers of an image away from focal points.
Las Vegas Colour Run. Magnloia May Photography.
las-vegas-colour-run-magnolia-may-photography
Colours also greatly impact ‘mood’:

    • Cold colours: Blues and Greens can have a calming soothing impact.

cold-colours-sindark

    • Warm colours: Reds and Yellows can convey vibrancy ad energy etc.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA

BASIC ELEMENTS OF IMAGES: LIGHT

UNIT 07: VISUAL LANGUAGE. INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY

TASK 01: BASIC ELEMENTS FOR AN IMAGE

3. BASIC ELEMENTS OF IMAGES

3.5. LIGHT

Light is a form of energy. You already know that it moves at the unbelievable speed of 300,000 Km per second. The word photography is formed by the Greek words “photo” which refers to the light and the word “graphos” which refers to drawing, so it means “drawing with light”. Thanks to light we can see what surrounds us. Thanks to light we can see the world in colours.
We can’t have images without colours, lines, shapes textures… but above all we can’t have images without light. It is true we can take photos in the dark with special cameras which use a different type of light the human eye cannot see; that is to say, they also need light.
Airplane shadow. California. National Geographic. Avani Awargay.
airplane-shadow-california_national-avani-awargay
The features of the light that strikes an object or subject to be photographed have a decisive influence on both the aesthetic level (on his sense of harmony and beauty) as at the semantic level (what the photo is able to transmit, what it means and how we can read it).
Let’s see some of these features:

    1. Quality

Quality of light refers to the effect that your light source creates on your subject. It determines how soft or harsh the light looks in your image. Soft light will have a slow and gradual shift from highlights, to neutrals, to shadows. The shadows will be light and smooth. Harsh light will have a sharp transition from highlights, to neutrals, to shadows. The shadows will be deep and dark.
Example of hard light:
hard-light
Example of soft light:
Softlight

    1. Direction

Depending on where you get the light to the object, this can be:

      • Top lighting – from above in the vertical.
      • High-angle lighting (picada in Spanish) – from top to bottom forming an angle.
      • Low-angle lighting (contrapicada in Spanish) – from bottom to top forming an angle.
      • Front lighting – from the front.
      • Backlighting – from behind.
    1. Contrast

It is the difference in amount of light between the brightest areas of the image and the less enlightened.

BASIC ELEMENTS OF IMAGES: TEXTURE

UNIT 07: VISUAL LANGUAGE. INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY

TASK 01: BASIC ELEMENTS FOR AN IMAGE

3. BASIC ELEMENTS OF IMAGES

3.4. TEXTURE

It refers to the surface of the shot objects. It might be rough, flat, soft, liquid…
Here you can see the texture of the feather in comparison with the water texture.
Feather. Lake Russia. National Geography. Veronika K. Ko.
feather-lake-russia_national-veronika-k-ko