00. INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY
The origins of the cameras we use today were invented in the 19th century. But, was it really that way? A millenia before, Arab scientist Alhazen was using the camera obscura to duplicate images, with Leonardo da Vinci following suit 500 years later and major innovations beginning in the 19th century. Eva Timothy tracks the trajectory from the most rudimentary cameras to the ones we have today.
Illuminating photography: From camera obscura to camera phone is the title of Eva Timothy’s lectura for TED-ed which summarises the history of photography in less than five minutes. The animation was done by London Squared Productions and it’s part of the series Inventions that Shape History.
It’s estimated that 380 billion photographs are taken each year. If there are 6.9 billion people in the world, how many photos on average is that per person? How many photos do you estimate you take each year?
“Nijuman no borei” (200 000 Phantoms)
After watching the little summary about the history of photography, I would like you to watch a video which has been edited by the French filmmaker Jean Gabriel Périot. This video uses archival photographs of the same city, Hiroshima, taken from 1914-2006. The video is not only a reconstruction of the historical memory of that city but also of a country (Japan) ravaged by the vicissitudes of history: 200 000 deaths due to war and destruction.